MANAGEMENT OF CONGENITAL URINARY OBSTRUCTION IN NEWBORN CALVES
Soheli Jahan Mou, Nasrin Sultana Juyena, Sattwikesh Paul, Mirza Abul Hashim, Raihana Nasrin Ferdousy, Nahid Nawrin Sultana
ABSTRACT Congenital urinary tract obstruction is a developmental anomaly which may persist after birth in new born calves. To determine the occurrence of congenital urinary obstruction and to evaluate tube cystostomy for the management of congenital urinary obstruction in neonatal calves two studies were conducted. A retrospective study was performed to observe the occurrence of congenital urinary obstruction in neonatal ruminants from January 2005 to November 2014. Occurrence of congenital urinary obstruction in neonatal calves was also studied in respect to age, sex, breed and season. During the period of 10 years, a total of 42 cases of congenital urinary obstruction were recorded, which constituted an incidence of 2.0%. In this study, maximum incidence was recorded in bovine is 38 (90%). Maximum number of cases (45%) of congenital urinary obstruction in ruminants was recorded from March to June, July to October and November to February as 19 (45%), 9 (22%) and 14 (33%) respectively. Among affected animals, 31 were cross breed (74%) and 11 were local breed (26%). Number of affected males was 29 (69%) clearly ahead than affected female 13 (31%). In another study, tube cystostomy with infusion set was performed in eleven neonatal calves aged 1-6 days old and observed for 1 month. Among 11 calves, 2 died due to severe infection and septicemia and 2 calves needed repeated operation. Seven calves got uneventful recovery and the cured animal showed satisfactory results. Overall successful rate was 63.6%. The results revealed that tube cystostomy seemed to be an effective method. In addition, this study will help not only veterinarian to make them aware about the occurrence of congenital urinary obstruction but also to solve the problem by saving the life of neonatal calves.